Here’s the overview of dialysis:
People whose kidneys are failing are given dialysis as a treatment. Kidney failure is a condition in which the kidneys are unable to function normally and filter the blood. This causes a buildup of toxins and waste products in the body’s circulatory system. Dialysis filters out waste products and excess fluid from the circulation, effectively replacing the kidneys.
Why do people require dialysis?
When kidney function reaches its final, irreversible level, chronic kidney disease (CKD) is said to have progressed to end-stage renal disease (ESRD), also known as kidney failure or stage 5 CKD. As trash and toxins accumulate in the body without treatment, serious health problems can arise. Dialysis is now required to keep you alive until a kidney transplant can be performed.
High blood pressure and diabetes increase a person’s likelihood of developing renal failure, necessitating dialysis or a kidney transplant for survival. Dialysis aids blood pressure regulation by eliminating excess fluid buildup in the body. If you and your kidney specialist work together to maintain healthy blood sugar and blood pressure levels, your kidneys may continue functioning for longer.
Doctors use a variety of kidney function tests to assess kidney health. Most patients start dialysis when their GFR is 15, which indicates they have lost 85-90% of their kidney function. Maintaining kidney function for as long as feasible is possible with early diagnosis of CKD and regular monitoring, which also gives you and your doctor time to prepare for kidney disease treatment if it becomes necessary.
What is the function of the kidneys?
You can think of your kidneys as a part of the urinary system. Below your rib cage, on either side of your spine, are two bean-shaped organs. They remove harmful substances from circulation and replace them with clean, nutrient-rich blood.
Urine is produced in the kidneys and passed on to the bladder after being processed of its waste and excess water. In addition, the kidneys play a role in maintaining a healthy blood pressure level.
The major types of dialysis can include:
In this procedure, your blood is removed from your body and filtered before being returned to you. This can be performed at a dialysis clinic or home.
Your body has its own system for filtering your blood. Specifically designed fluid is injected there to remove toxins from the body’s circulation as it travels through the abdominal cavity’s tiny blood capillaries. After that, the fluid is drained. Home hemodialysis is the most common method. Dialysis is one treatment option that can be discussed with your healthcare physician at a kidney care center in Coimbatore to determine which strategy will be most effective for you.
How does dialysis work?
Toxins, waste, and excess fluid are removed from the blood via a semipermeable membrane during dialysis, artificially stimulating the kidneys’ function. The 2 types of dialysis, hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis, use different strategies to filter toxins from your body. Hemodialysis utilizes a filtering membrane (dialyzer) that is housed within a dialysis machine.
By using a dialysis machine, your blood can be cleaned and restored to your body. With peritoneal dialysis, the filtering membrane is the natural lining of your peritoneum or belly, and blood never leaves your body.
A dialysate solution is used in the filtration process of hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis to eliminate impurities. Speak to a nephrologist in Coimbatore to understand your options before undergoing dialysis.
How does the hemodialysis procedure work?
You’ll need to have some relatively modest surgery to gain access to your veins and arteries. Several strategies exist for this:
Under the skin of your arm, an artery and vein are connected as one. This is typically performed in the hand that is not used for writing. Hemodialysis treatment requires at least six weeks of healing time after the creation of an AV fistula. Once that happens, it will last for years.
An artery and a vein are connected under the skin using a plastic tube. Thanks to how quickly this heals, you can resume hemodialysis in as little as two weeks. Unlike a fistula, this will heal much more quickly. Another graft will be necessary for a few years’ time.
You can try this if you’re in a time crunch and need to begin hemodialysis immediately. A catheter, or thin, flexible tube, is inserted into a vein in your neck, under your collarbone, or near your groin. Use it for its limited intended duration and then throw it away. Reach out to a dialysis center in Coimbatore if you are looking to undergo dialysis.
How does peritoneal dialysis work?
The intestinal lining filters the blood. A catheter is implanted around the belly button a few weeks before therapy begins. Due to your hands-on experience with PD, once the affected area has healed, you will be well-versed in its application.
Dialysis solution will be infused into your abdominal cavity via the catheter. In order to create this unique fluid, water is combined with salt and other chemicals. It helps remove toxins and excess fluids from the body. After letting it sit for a while, you can drain it into a new bag. We call this kind of transaction an “exchange.”
Outlook of the condition:
Dialysis is a treatment for those who have reached the terminal stage of kidney disease or kidney failure (ESRD). Kidney failure dialysis could last forever or be temporary while you wait for a kidney transplant. There are several ways to perform dialysis. Dialysis can be done at home; however, some patients would rather go to a clinic or hospital.